Ear problems can be excruciatingly painful, especially in children. With 10 million new cases every year, ear infections (otitis media) are the most common illness affecting babies and young children and the number one reason for visits to the pediatrician—accounting for more than 35 percent of all pediatric visits.
Almost half of all children will have at least one middle ear infection before they’re a year old, and two-thirds of them will have had at least one such infection by age 3. The symptoms can include ear pain, fever, and irritability. Otitis media can be either bacterial or viral in origin, and frequently results from another illness such as a cold. For many children, it can become a chronic problem, requiring treatment year after year, and putting the child at risk of permanent hearing damage and associated speech and developmental problems.
Standard treatment for most cases of otitis media is with antibiotics, which can be effective if the culprit is bacterial (antibiotics, of course, do nothing to fight off viruses). But, according to many research studies, antibiotics are often not much more effective than the body’s own immune system. And repeated doses of antibiotics can lead to drug-resistant bacteria that scoff at the drugs, while leaving the child screaming in pain.
Frequent ear infections are also the second most common reason for surgery in children under 2 (with circumcision being the first). In severe cases—for example, when fluids from an ear infection haven’t cleared from the ear after several months, and hearing is affected—specialists sometimes prescribe myringotomy and tympanostomy, more commonly known as “ear tubes.” During the surgical procedure, a small opening is made in the eardrum to place a tube inside. The tube relieves pressure in the ear and prevents repeated fluid buildup with the continuous venting of fresh air. In most cases, the membrane pushes the tube out after a couple of months and the hole in the eardrum closes. Although the treatment is effective, it has to be repeated in some 20 to 30 percent of cases. And this kind of surgery requires general anesthesia, never a minor thing in a small child. If the infection persists even after tube placement and removal, children sometimes undergo adenoidectomy (surgical removal of the adenoids)—an option that is effective mostly through the first year after surgery.
Before yet another round of maybe they’ll work and maybe they won’t antibiotics or the drastic step of surgery, more parents are considering chiropractic to help children with chronic ear infections. Published research shows that, after receiving a series of chiropractic adjustments, nearly 80 percent of the children treated were free of ear infections for at least the six-month period following their initial visits, which included maintenance treatments every four to six weeks. This pilot study is being used as a basis for larger scale trials of chiropractic as a therapeutic modality for otitis media (ear infections).
Chiropractic mobilizes the natural drainage of the ear in children, and if they can continue to drain without a buildup of fluid and subsequent infection, they also build up their own antibodies to recover more quickly and prevent infections to begin with.
Gentle upper-cervical manipulation on children with otitis media, focusing particularly on the occiput, or back of the skull, and atlas, or the first vertebra in the neck will help the middle ear to begin draining naturally. Depending on how chronic it’s been and on where they are in their cycle of antibiotics, children generally need to get through one bout of fluid and fight it off themselves. That means, for the average child, between six and eight treatments. If a child’s case is acute we will check the ears every day, using a tympanogram to measure the ear and track the movement of the eardrum to make sure that it’s draining. Adjustments every day or every other day for a few days if they’re acute, and then decreasing frequency over time.
Parenting and Baby Talk, both childrearing magazines report great success for childen with otitis media receiving chiropractic care. Many parents have reported that the only thing which finally resolved their childrens chronic ear infections was chiropractic care.
Many medical pediatric groups are now referring to chiropractors on a regular basis. Today more parents want a solution that doesn’t include anti-biotics or surgery and chiropractic offers the solution that keep parents and pediatricians both happy. It’s safe and effective and something that parents should definitely try before going the route inserting tubes in a child’s ears.
Chiropractic Care Can Help…
Talk to your doctor of chiropractic about your child’s ear infections. Doctors of chiropractic are licensed and trained to diagnose and treat patients of all ages and will use a more gentle type of treatment for children.
For Your Health,
Dr. Mark Hardwick and Dr. Mitchell Jacobs